Ludwig Van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (Bonn, Archbishopric of Cologne, December 16, 1770 – Vienna, March 26, 1827) was a German composer, conductor, pianist and piano teacher. His musical legacy of him spans, chronologically, from Classicism to the beginnings of Romanticism. He is considered one of the most important composers in the history of music and his legacy has decisively influenced the subsequent evolution of this art.

Being the last great representative of Viennese classicism (after Christoph Willibald Gluck, Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart), Beethoven managed to transcend the music of Romanticism, influencing a variety of musical works of the 19th century. His art was expressed in numerous genres and although the symphonies were the main source of his international popularity, his impact turned out to be mainly significant in his works for piano and chamber music.

His output includes the genres piano (thirty-two piano sonatas), chamber music (including numerous works for instrumental ensembles of between eight and two members), concertante (piano, violin and triple concertos), sacred (two masses, one oratorio), lieder, incidental music (the opera Fidelio, a ballet, music for plays), and orchestral, in which nine symphonies occupy a preponderant place.