Zarzuela is a form of theatrical music or stage musical genre that emerged in Spain that is distinguished mainly by containing instrumental parts, vocal parts (solos, duets, choirs…) and spoken parts, although there are exceptions in which the latter, the spoken parts, are completely absent. The term zarzuela, applied to the musical and theatrical genre, comes from the Palacio de la Zarzuela, a Spanish royal palace located near Madrid and where the theater that hosted the first performances of the genre was located.
Opera (from the Italian òpera, musical works) designates a genre of theatrical music in which a stage action is harmonized, sung and has instrumental accompaniment. Performances are usually given in opera houses, accompanied by an orchestra or a smaller musical group. It is part of the European and Western classical music tradition.
Atonality is the musical system that lacks all relation of the tones of a work with a fundamental tone and all the harmonic and functional ties in its melody and chords, without being subject to the rules of tonality.
Classical music (also called academic music) is the musical current that is based mainly on music produced or derived from the traditions of liturgical and secular music of the West, mainly Western Europe, and that has a fundamentally written transmission reference , which gives it a rigorous meaning and character for its reproduction or interpretation.
A symphony is a type of musical composition widespread in western classical music and most often composed for orchestra. Generally, it is divided into four movements, each with a different moment and structure. Initially, they were interpreted without any relation to what was interpreted later.
Ludwig van Beethoven (Bonn, Archbishopric of Cologne, December 16, 1770 – Vienna, March 26, 1827) was a German composer, conductor, pianist and piano teacher. His musical legacy of him spans, chronologically, from Classicism to the beginnings of Romanticism. He is considered one of the most important composers in the history of music and his legacy has decisively influenced the subsequent evolution of this art.
Music notation is a writing system used to graphically represent a piece of music, allowing a performer to perform it in the manner desired by the composer.
Music theory is a field of study that aims to investigate the various elements of music, including the development and methodology to analyze, listen to, understand and compose music. The Oxford Dictionary of Music describes three interrelated aspects:
In music, musical form in its generic sense designates both a musical structure and a writing tradition that allows the musical work to be placed in the history of the evolution of musical creation. Added to a title of a work, the different musical forms such as symphony, concerto, prelude, fantasy, etc., then designate both a structure that has been built over time, and a particular musical genre, a musical composition that has evolved over centuries: opera, dance, etc.
Intensity in music is the quality that differentiates a soft sound from a loud sound. It depends on the force with which the sound body is played and the distance of the receiver from the sound source. It is one of the four essential qualities of articulated sound along with pitch, duration and timbre.